A career in social work can be personally fulfilling and is appealing to many individuals who want to dedicate their lives to supporting people in need. However, there are also practical questions to consider. More specifically, how much do social workers make, and what do social workers do? This answer largely depends on what kind of social work you pursue.
One potential career path is as a child and family social worker. These social workers need at least a bachelor’s degree to start their careers, though some positions require a master’s degree. Job growth is expected to be faster than average, especially in rural areas, and job prospects are favorable. As a child and family social worker, you may work for a school, government agency, or community service provider.
What Do Child and Family Social Work Professionals Do?
It’s essential for children and family social workers to love helping others. People come to them to cope with everyday issues, like relationships or family problems. Some social workers assist clients facing disabilities, unemployment, substance abuse, and other problems. Some social workers become advocates or conduct research.
The goal of children and family social workers is to improve the psychological and social well-being of families and children. After assessing their client’s needs, these workers help them gain control over their lives. This often means connecting them with services to help them and their families. Child and family social workers may help arrange adoptions, find foster homes for neglected or abused children, or help single parents find daycare.
Child and family social workers sometimes work in schools where they act as a liaison between the school and its families. They work closely with teachers, school officials, parents, and guardians to ensure that students achieve their full academic and personal potential. Stress and emotional problems are also addressed. Children and family social workers in schools are often assigned to work with disabled children and their families. They may also deal with teenage pregnancy, drug or alcohol problems, challenging students, and misbehavior. Many teach workshops in the classroom on conflict resolution and other essential topics.
Child and family social workers staff government entities known as child welfare agencies. These professionals are tasked with investigating allegations of child abuse and removing children from unsafe home situations. Children who are removed and placed in foster homes are assigned social workers to oversee their care.
Child and Family Social Worker Work Settings
Child and family social workers can work in an office or school, though some must travel locally to see clients or attend meetings. While challenging, working as a child and family social worker is typically rewarding.
Social Worker Working Hours
Caseloads can be heavy due to understaffing. A typical child and family social work professional works a 40-hour workweek, with some night and weekend shifts required.
How To Become a Children’s Social Worker
To succeed in this field, workers need strong interpersonal skills, good working relationships, and the ability to work independently. Child and Family Social Workers should be emotionally mature, sensitive, and objective. Getting experience as a social work aide or volunteer can help candidates test their interests. Once someone is sure they want to become a child and family social worker, they should follow a series of steps.
Get a Bachelor’s Degree in Social Work
In order to become a child and family social worker, you will first need to complete an undergraduate degree program. When applying to colleges, some of the documents you may need to include are your high school transcripts, letters of recommendation, and a personal essay or statement of purpose.
Get a Master’s Degree in Social Work
After completing your bachelor’s degree, you can apply for graduate school by submitting your undergraduate transcripts, resume, and letters of recommendation. Some programs also require GRE scores and a certain GPA for admission.
Get Licensed As a Social Worker
Individual states have their own licensure requirements for social workers, and becoming licensed is necessary for most social work jobs. As a general rule, you will need to pass an exam and prove that you have earned the necessary degree. You may also have to work under the supervision of another licensed professional for a period of time.
Children and Family Social Worker Education Requirements
Children and family social workers are generally required to have a bachelor’s degree in social work (BSW), though some entry-level jobs allow degrees in sociology, psychology, or related fields. Higher-level social work positions require a graduate degree. For example, a master’s degree in social work (MSW) is usually required for school social worker positions and clinical social work. Supervisory, administrative, and staff training positions also need an advanced degree.
Child Social Worker Degrees
While there’s no such thing as a “child social worker degree,” there are social work degrees. Depending on the position you are seeking, you may need both an undergraduate and graduate degree.
A bachelor’s degree prepares child and family social workers for direct service jobs such as group home workers, residential counselors, caseworkers, or mental health assistants. The BSW program curriculum covers subjects like:
- The promotion of social and economic justice
- Social welfare policy and services
- Social research methods
- Field education
- Social work values and ethics
- Dealing with a culturally diverse clientele and at-risk populations
These courses are in addition to basic undergraduate course requirements in subjects like social sciences, math, and science.
Master’s degree programs prepare graduates for higher social work skill provision. They learn to perform clinical assessments, explore new social services methods, take on supervisory roles and provide mental health treatment services. These programs take two years of studying full-time or four years of studying part-time. Holding a BSW degree is not a requirement to enroll in an MSW program, but courses in social work, biology, sociology, economics, psychology, and political science may be necessary.
All states have social work certification, licensing, and registration requirements. Those interested in becoming licensed as child and family social workers should check their state requirements. Children and family social workers may be required to complete two years or 3,000 hours of supervised clinical experience before being eligible for licensure.
Opportunities for Advancement
With an advanced degree and work experience, children and family social workers can advance to supervisor, assistant director, executive director, or program manager positions. Some may find work in research, consulting, teaching, or formulating government policies.
Private practice is another option for children and family social workers. To do this, children and family social workers must have at least a master’s degree and a license.
Do I Need a License to Be a Child and Family Social Worker?
Yes, you need a license to practice as a child and family social worker. A license is issued by the applicable state board of social work and requires applicants to have completed a set of qualifications, including a graduate degree in social work or a relevant field and supervised clinical experience.
Depending on the state, additional criteria may be required, such as written examinations, proof of continuing education credits, and a minimum amount of post-graduate supervised experience. In most cases, child and family social workers must also adhere to professional, ethical guidelines, such as those established by the National Association of Social Workers (NASW).
As a licensed child and family social worker, you’ll be able to provide a range of services, including assessment and diagnosis of physical, developmental, and psychological issues affecting children and families; providing counseling services to address mental health issues or problems with parenting or communication; advocating for families with governmental or community agencies; developing interventions for high-risk situations; assisting parents in accessing resources; and providing crisis intervention.
How to Become a Licensed Social Worker
Becoming a licensed social worker, through an online bachelor’s in social work or a master’s degree, requires dedication and hard work. If you’re determined and would like to become a licensed social worker as a career path, then the following steps will guide you through the process of how to become a children’s social worker.
Step 1: Earn an Undergraduate Degree.
A bachelor’s degree in social work (BSW) is generally required for entry-level social worker positions or as a stepping stone to pursue further education in the field.
Step 2: Consider Graduate School.
Earning a master’s degree in social work (MSW online) is typically required to obtain a professional license and pursue higher-level roles in the field of social work.
Step 3: Satisfy Licensing Requirements.
Depending on state regulations, requirements may vary, but most states require successful completion of a supervised clinical practicum, passing of a national licensure examination, and several hundred hours of documented practice experience in your area of specialization.
Step 4: Take the Licensure Examination.
Social Workers must take and pass the Association of Social Work Boards (ASWB) exam and obtain licensure in their state.
Step 5: Maintain Licenses and Education.
After obtaining an initial license, Social Workers must keep up with continuing education requirements to remain professional and retain licensing eligibility.
Types of Child and Family Social Workers
The role of child and family social workers is vital in providing a supportive and nurturing environment for our youth.
As such, there are various types of child and family social workers who specialize in providing different types of care and services. This section will explore the roles, duties, and responsibilities of each of these professionals. By understanding the various types of child and family social workers, we can work together to ensure that our youth have the best opportunities for success.
The different types of child and family social workers include the:
- Adoption and Foster Care Social Worker: Works with families to place children in foster or adoptive homes, ensuring the well-being of both children and families.
- Child Protective Services Social Worker: Investigates reports of child abuse, verifying the safety of the home environment and determining the best course of action for the child.
- Educational Social Worker: Assists children and young adults with disabilities in developing meaningful plans for education and graduation.
- Mental Health Social Worker: Helps families and individuals with mental illness access psychiatric care and other mental health resources.
- Clinical Social Worker: Works with patients individually to provide mental health counseling and psychotherapy services.
- Disability Social Worker: Advocates for decisions prioritizing the rights and well-being of individuals with disabilities.
- Substance Abuse Social Worker: Helps clients identify sources of support to assist in recovery.
- Family Social Worker: Provides guidance through family crises, providing resources to maintain family stability.
- Community Social Worker: Increases access to community resources and social services, working with vulnerable populations to ensure basic needs are met.
Challenges of Child and Family Social Workers
Being a child and family social worker can be an incredibly gratifying career, but it also comes with a unique set of challenges.
Let’s examine some of the most common issues facing child and family social workers, including burnout, ethical dilemmas, and ineffective support systems. We’ll look at how to identify these issues and strategies for responding to them in effective and meaningful ways.
Some common challenges faced by child and family social workers include:
- Complex families: In some cases, families can be complex due to multiple dynamics at play, i.e., stepfamilies, single-parent households, and other non-traditional living arrangements. Social workers must be able to assess and manage these unique dynamics to provide the best outcomes for the child and family.
- Limited resources: Social workers are usually provided with limited resources to help a family; this can include financial and emotional support. Oftentimes, social workers must be creative in their problem-solving to help the child and family without over-utilizing the resources provided to them.
- High caseloads: Due to high caseloads, many social workers must cover multiple cases at any given time. This can make it challenging for social workers to give each case the necessary attention and care it requires.
- Emotional challenges: Working with vulnerable individuals on a daily basis can be emotionally taxing. Social workers must be able to effectively manage their own emotions while developing a trusting relationship with clients.
- Legal challenges: Social workers must be familiar with local, state, and federal laws to guide their decisions and provide proper assistance and direction. Additionally, they must be able to appeal decisions unsuccessfully on behalf of their client.
- Compassion fatigue: Due to the demanding and often heartbreaking nature of their work, Child and Family Social Workers often experience compassion fatigue in their jobs.
- Unpredictability: The events and people a Child and Family Social Worker interacts with every day can be unpredictable and vary greatly from one day to the next.
Employment and Job Outlook for Child and Family Social Workers
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), as of 2021, there are about 708,000 social workers, and approximately 340,000 of them are children and family social workers. These positions are generally above average in terms of both growth and earnings.
Child and Family Social Worker Projected Growth
Job demand for social workers is expected to grow about 9 percent over the next decade, which is faster than average compared to all occupations. The government employs many child and family social workers. However, government budget constraints may hamper the growth of demand for social workers in these roles.
Rising student enrollments and the continued push to integrate children with disabilities into general classrooms will spur growth for school social workers. Nevertheless, an abundance of interested candidates for a limited number of openings could cause tough competition in some areas. Again, government funding will be a significant factor in job growth within schools.
Overall, job prospects should be favorable for children and family social workers, which, according to the BLS, have a projected growth rate of 8 percent from 2021 to 2031. Job openings will rise as some social workers leave the occupation. The competition will be challenging in cities where social worker training programs are prevalent. Rural areas, where it’s hard to retain qualified staff, should have good opportunities.
Child and Family Social Workers Salary
According to the BLS, the median annual wage for children and family social workers in 2021 was $49,150. The highest 10 percent of social workers’ salaries were above $82,840, while the lowest 10 percent earned under $36,520. The median annual wages for top industries employing children and family social workers are as follows:
- Individual and family services: $46,950
- State government: $52,890
- Local government: $64,040
- Elementary and secondary schools: $66,700
- Community food and housing, and emergency and other relief services: $42,780